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Euro Area Balance of Payments in March 2013
The seasonally adjusted current account of the euro area recorded a surplus of €25.9 billion in March 2013 (see Table 1). This reflected surpluses for goods (€21.8 billion), services (€7.6 billion) and income (€4.4 billion), which were partly offset by a deficit for current transfers (€7.8 billion).
The seasonally adjusted 12-month cumulated current account recorded a surplus of €155.1 billion (1.6% of euro area GDP) for the period ending in March 2013, compared with a surplus of €33.2 billion (0.4% of euro area GDP) for the previous 12-month period (see Table 1 and Chart 1). The increase in the surplus of the current account was mainly due to a higher surplus for goods (from €23.9 billion to €130.0 billion), and, to a lesser extent, for services (from €80.0 billion to €91.6 billion) and for income (from €37.6 billion to €39.0 billion), while there was a decrease in the deficit for current transfers (from €108.4 billion to €105.5 billion).
In the financial account (see Table 2), combined direct and portfolio investment recorded net outflows of €6 billion in March 2013, reflecting net outflows for direct investment (€14 billion) and net inflows for portfolio investment (€8 billion).
The net outflows for direct investment resulted from net outflows for other capital (mostly intercompany loans) (€14 billion).
In portfolio investment, the net inflows of €8 billion were accounted for by net inflows for debt instruments, mainly bonds and notes (€6 billion). The net inflows for debt instruments were spread equally between net purchases of euro area securities by non-euro area residents and net sales of foreign securities by euro area residents (€4 billion each). The net flows for equity were fairly balanced, reflecting net purchases of euro area securities by non-euro area residents (€27 billion) and net purchases of foreign securities by euro area residents (€26 billion).
The financial derivatives account recorded net inflows of €3 billion.
Other investment recorded net outflows of €24 billion, reflecting net outflows for other sectors (€35 billion), which were partly offset by net inflows for the Eurosystem (€6 billion), for MFIs (excluding the Eurosystem) (€5 billion) and for general government (€1 billion).
The Eurosystem's stock of reserve assets increased by €16 billion in March 2013 (from €672 billion to €688 billion), mainly on account of an increase in the market price of gold. Transactions (excluding valuation effects) in March 2013 contributed to a decrease of €2 billion.
In the 12-month period up to March 2013, combined direct and portfolio investment recorded cumulated net inflows of €96 billion, compared with net outflows of €58 billion for the period up to March 2012. This was the result of an increase in the net inflows for portfolio investment (from €42 billion to €162 billion) and a decrease in the net outflows for direct investment (from €99 billion to €66 billion).
This press release incorporates revisions to the data for February 2013. These revisions have not significantly altered the figures previously published for the current, capital and financial accounts.
Additional information on the euro area balance of payments and international investment position
In this press release, the seasonally adjusted current account refers to working day and seasonally adjusted data. Data for the financial account are not working day or seasonally adjusted.
In line with the agreed allocation of responsibilities, the European Central Bank compiles and disseminates monthly and quarterly balance of payments statistics for the euro area, whereas the European Commission (Eurostat; see news releases for "Euro-indicators") focuses on quarterly and annual aggregates for the European Union. These data comply with international standards, particularly those set out in the IMF's Balance of Payments Manual (fifth edition). The aggregates for the euro area and the European Union are compiled consistently on the basis of transactions and positions vis-à-vis residents of countries outside the euro area and the European Union respectively.
A complete set of updated euro area balance of payments statistics (including a quarterly geographical breakdown for the main counterparts) and international investment position statistics is available in the "Statistics" section of the ECB's website under the headings "Dataservices"/"Latest monetary, financial markets and balance of payments statistics". These data, as well as historical euro area balance of payments time series, can be downloaded from the ECB's Statistical Data Warehouse (SDW). Data up to March 2013 will also be published in the June 2013 issues of the ECB's Monthly Bulletin and the Statistics Pocket Book. Detailed methodological notes are available on the ECB's website. The next press release on the euro area monthly balance of payments will be published on 21 June 2013.
The ECB will start publishing, at the end of 2014, the euro area balance of payments and international investment positions statistics in accordance with its Guideline ECB/2011/23, which adheres to the sixth edition of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual (BPM6). More detailed information is available on a dedicated webpage.
Table 1: Current account of the euro area
Table 2: Monthly balance of payments of the euro area
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