CMM, HHI, Wärtsila and DNV GL reveal LPGreen concept design
“In order to increase the competitiveness of modern LPG carriers, novel ship designs need to simultaneously account for the market and trade route characteristics; excellent safety and ease of operation; cargo and fuel flexibility; and, overall energy efficiency combined with economic viability,” says Nikolaos Kakalis, DNV GL’s Manager for R&D and Advisory Services in South East Europe and Middle East. “Therefore, a holistic approach to the design of modern LPG carriers is required, taking into advantage market insight, technology innovation, advanced computer tools and industry-wide collaboration with strong partnerships.”
The JIP has resulted in a new concept design that achieves state of the art performance on several fronts. Compared to the reference vessel, which is a high-quality vessel built to a standard design in 2016, there is an overall improvement of 6–9% in energy efficiency, depending on machinery configuration and fuel used. A redesign of the tank allows for a filling limit of 99% – a 1% increase in overall carrying capacity. Loading duration has been decreased by 30%, while the newly designed cargo handling system concept results in a 5% reduction in energy demand. “Perhaps most importantly, LPGreen has demonstrated the technical feasibility of a LPG fuelled propulsion concept, which, depending on fuel prices and the development of a commercial and chartering framework, could result in a cut of up to 30% in fuel expenses” says George Dimopoulos, Principal Specialist in DNV GL and project manager for LPGreen.
To realise these gains, the partners utilised advanced computer analysis tools. Hull form optimisation both in calm water and waves was conducted using HHI’s and DNV GL’s CFD hydrodynamic optimisation codes. The overall concept system evaluation and optimisation was conducted using DNV GL’s COSSMOS modelling framework, which allowed for an integrated analytical approach to the evaluation of all machinery technology options and design improvements considered. Finally, every technology feature was compared against the performance of an existing, new (2016), and very modern LPG carrier from CMM’s fleet, which gave a solid basis for documenting improvements.
“Above all, the LPGreen concept design demonstrates that the partnership and close collaboration of industry leaders coupled with advanced analysis methodologies and computer tools can lead to efficiency improvements and innovation in practice, available today,” says Nikolaos Kakalis.
DNV GL - Oil & Gas
Driven by our purpose of safeguarding life, property and the environment, DNV GL enables organizations to advance the safety and sustainability of their business. We provide classification, technical assurance, software and independent expert advisory services to the maritime, oil & gas and energy industries. We also provide certification services to customers across a wide range of industries. Operating in more than 100 countries, our professionals are dedicated to helping our customers make the world safer, smarter and greener.
About DNV GL - Maritime
DNV GL is the world's leading classification society and a recognized advisor for the maritime industry. We enhance safety, quality, energy efficiency and environmental performance of the global shipping industry - across all vessel types and offshore structures. We invest heavily in research and development to find solutions, together with the industry, that address strategic, operational or regulatory challenges. For more information visit www.dnvgl.com/maritime
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