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"Five star gardens over underground garage"
Le Méridien Oran Hotel & Convention Centre in Oran, Algeria
After a construction period of more than two years, the Le Méridien Oran Hotel was officially opened on 1 October 2011. The convention centre had already been completed and inaugurated in 2010. The dynamic city of Oran now has the largest convention centre in Algeria and one of the largest in Africa.
The architectural group, IAC Arquitectura designed the auditorium with a capacity to cater for up to 3,000 delegates, the adjacent 22,000 m² exhibition centre and the 17-storey luxury hotel with 296 rooms, swimming pools, spa and fitness centres and a casino. The design is characterized by the intermingling of contemporary culture and the European heritage of the Le Méridien hotel chain. Due to the cliff-top location of the hotel, guests have a stunning view of the Mediterranean, the city of Oran and the gardens.
A ship from Spain
Spanish expertise has found its way to Algeria in the form of OHL, a construction company active on the international stage that was appointed as contractors. OHL commissioned our experienced ZinCo partner in Spain, Jardinería Villanueva with the execution of the project. And so it came to pass, that in December 2009 a ship set sail from Valencia, laden with materials for gardens and green roofing, including substrate and plants, destined for use on a building site in Oran, a city 400 km away. This enabled Jardinería Villanueva to carry out the landscaping work on the gardens and the green roof steadily and without delay over the weeks that followed.
Expertise in construction technology
In order to be able to install the planned impressive gardens over an area that is not on firm ground, the structural design and construction technology had to be absolutely correct. The foundation was provided first of all by the right roof design for the 4,500 m² underground garage roof. The structural reinforcement of the concrete roof means that it can carry weights of up to 1,000 kg/m². This high load capacity allows for the installation of the desired intensive green roofing. As planned, passenger vehicles and trucks will also be able to travel across this roof area without a problem. The roof, sufficiently insulated and fitted with a root-resistant, bituminous waterproof barrier, has been equipped to deal with everything else.
Stone walls, directly incorporated into the design of the roof, separate the pathways and driveways from the planting areas and the water features.
The planted areas were created using the ZinCo green roofing system "Roof garden". At the heart of this system build-up is the drainage and water storage element, Floradrain® FD 60. This is filled with the mineral substrate Zincolit® Plus, covered with the filter sheet SF and then with a layer of substrate that is particularly suited to the plants used. The substrate depth will vary from 20 cm to 100 cm, depending on the plant zone. As the substrate was supplied in big bags, it was brought to its destination quickly and efficiently with a crane.
The entire parkland resembles a green oasis with a curved swimming pool at its centre. The 80 palm trees of the Phoenix dactylifera species give this green area its character. In addition, visitors will be enchanted by a further 220 trees, 2,000 bushes and shrubs and 38,000 perennials. A drought-resistant lawn of the species Cynodon dactylon, suited to the prevailing conditions, flourishes across an area of 10,000m². The plants (see plant list) were chosen by Jardinería Villanueva and are suited to the sub-tropical climate zone: In Oran, average temperatures are around 10 °C in the winter months and 25 °C in July and August. There is little precipitation in Oran, particularly from May to September and it is generally speaking only between 1 mm and 19 mm on average. The ongoing irrigation needs of the plants are provided consistently by a fully-automated irrigation system with drip lines and sprinkler - while the plants are taking root and subsequently.
Secure against wind suction
As the palm trees were already between 6 and 8 m in height at the time of planting, any handling work such as anchoring and securing them against wind suction proved very challenging. The palm trees, some of which had more than one trunk, were delivered using a low-loader and were lifted to the required location using a crane. Up to eight people were then needed at the same time to plant each tree.
The large palm tree root balls were anchored with straps to a steel mesh embedded in the substrate. The palm trees and other trees are very secure, even in strong winds, thanks to this root ball anchor.
The architecture of the gardens is characterised by circular features and curved lines. The circular design of the pool contributes considerably to this. The island in the middle of the pool is reached by a small wooden bridge. Even the driveways in the gardens have a number of eye-catching roundabouts: a multi-trunk palm tree at the centre of a fountain system welcomes arriving guests.
This concept is extended by means of the meandering pathways through the gardens and the curving ornamental gravel areas within the plant beds.
As ZinCo system build-ups allow for any design variation over an underground garage, the planners of Le Méridien Oran Hotels & Convention Centres can give free rein to their imagination.
Inspiration and innovation are, so to speak, trademarks of this global hotel chain. For example, "Le Méridien LM 100" is a group of cultural visionaries and artists who aim to enhance a guest's stay at Le Méridien. From painters to photographers, musicians to designers, chefs to architects - they will also, undoubtedly, be inspired by these fascinating gardens.
List of plants
Lawn, 10,000 m² Cynodon dactylon
Palm trees, 80 no. Phoenix dactylifera
Trees, 220 no. Cupressus sempervirens, Tipuana tipu, Acacia chyanophylla, Ficus macrophylla, Brachychiton acerifolia, Jacaranda mimo, Olea europea, Casuarina, Eucalyptus, Chorisia speciosa
Shrubs, 2,000 no. Nerium oleander, Viburnum lucidum, Metrosiderus, Ligustrum texanum, Dodonea viscosa, Grevillea arbustiva
Perennials, grasses, flowering woody plants, 38,000 no.
Euryops (Margaritas), Acanthus, Hibiscus, Lantana, Echium, Pistacea, Carissa, Callistemun, Polygala, Coprosma, Westringia, Agave, Dasyliryion, Opuntia, Hesperoaloe, Aloe, Portulacaria, Yucca, Aloefolia, Geranium, Murcianas, Vinca, Festucas, Stypas, Rosmarinus, Sedum, Polygonum, Thymus, Lavandula, Cineraria, Lotus, Gazania, Water Lilies, Strelitzia augusta, Strelitzia regina
Building project: Gardens over underground garage, Le Méridien Oran Hotel & Convention Centre, Les Genets, Chemin de Wilaya, Route 75, Oran, Algeria
Client: State of Algeria and the state energy company, Sonatrach, Djenane El Malik, Hydra, Algiers, Algeria
Contractors: OHL Obrascón Huarte Lain, S.A., Paseo de la Castellana, 259 D, 28046 Madrid, Spain
Architects: IAC Arquitectura, C/Ronda Mijares, 7, 2°, 12002 Castellón Plana, Spain
Construction year: 2009/2010
Size: Total green and garden areas: 12,000 m² of which 4,500 m² is green roof over underground garage
Green roof build-up: ZinCo system build-up “Roof garden” with Floradrain® FD 60
System supplier: ZinCo Cubiertas Ecológicas S.L., Calle Paris, 45-47, entlo. 3a, 08029 Barcelona, Spain
Green roof execution: Jardinería Villanueva, S.L., 46184 San Antonio de Benageber (Valencia), Spain
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