Quantum leap in the world of CAM
hyperMILL®: 5axis shape offset machining
Around 90 per cent of all CAM strategies are traditionally based on the assumption of two main orientations: the tool axis (Z axis) and the standard axis perpendicular to it. This is ideal for working in what is primarily a "flat" world.
Many parts, however, such as tyre moulds or engine casing parts, tend to be essentially arched, rather than flat. Previously they too could be machined by way of 5axis machines, but the CAM process consisted of multiple jobs or program steps. Consequently, the programmer was faced to program a large number of individual regions and needed to control boundaries and cutter orientation - which translated to a very high overall programming effort. OPEN MIND is the first CAM manufacturer to develop a strategy specifically for 5axis contour offset machining.
Arched surface becomes standard surface
The new machining strategy in hyperMILL® simply turns the arched surface into the standard surface, allowing the tool to work at any point at an angle of 90 degrees. Taking tyres as an example, one could say that the original plane is replaced by the tread. The strategy then works as if it involved "curved" Z roughing or finishing. The shape-offset techniques work in simple 4-axis cylindrical situations, but also with more complex 5-axis wrapped surfaces and any generalized shaped surfaces.
This allows the NC program to be created very easily and quickly. "With sample parts that I have processed with this strategy, I have seen programming time that was previously at two-three hours shrink down to just a few minutes. In one case five hours turned into a mere five minutes," explains Peter Brambs, Product Manager at OPEN MIND, "- truly a quantum leap".
The new approach is ideally suited to the types of cavities frequently encountered in mould and tool engineering, as well as for the machining of turbine housings, structured parts (aerospace), tyre negative moulds and side panels, and furthermore synthetic wood models, roll dies, lenses, watch and jewellery components to name but a few.
Since the tool adjusts itself perpendicularly to the hub surface, there are hardly any undercuts. Each pocket, and each profile, can be machined very cleanly. Any tool shape can be used: endmills, bullnose endmills, ball endmills and conical milling tools.
The tool angle is calculated for machining either from the hub surfaces of the model or from an externally-designed guide surface.
According to Peter Brambs, the machining results are "of extremely high quality". "The tool paths calculated on the basis of this strategy ensure optimal results, for example, in connection with rounded inner corners and automated approach and retract macros in finishing work. The part doesn't show any marks or steps."
Moreover, this strategy can be combined with hyperMAXX® (machining strategy for high-performance roughing). This module, fully integrated with hyperMILL®, combines optimal milling paths and maximum material removal and thus minimises machining times significantly.
OPEN MIND Technologies AG
OPEN MIND Technologies AG is a leading developer of CAD/CAM software and postprocessors for designing and manufacturing complex moulds and parts. OPEN MIND offers an extensive range of products, from 2D feature-oriented solutions for milling standard parts through to software for 5axis simultaneous machining.
With their hyperMILL® software, which is used in the automotive, tool and mould manufacturing, mechanical engineering, medical and aerospace, and watch and jewellery industries, OPEN MIND Technologies AG is represented in all the important markets in Asia, Europe and North America.
OPEN MIND Technologies AG is a Mensch und Maschine company (www.mum.de).
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