Before the opening of the tunnel, the traffic situation in Schwäbisch Gmünd was extremely difficult: the B29, an important east-west primary route for the Stuttgart region and feeder to the A7, A8 and A81 motorways, ran right through the middle of the town. From the traffic forecasts, the authorities predicted that by 2015 without the tunnel some 40,000 vehicles, including very many heavy goods vehicles, would be passing through Schwäbisch Gmünd every day. The new tunnel is intended to relieve the town of about 20,000 through-traffic vehicles.
For topographical reasons, the road planners opted for a 2.1 km town relief road. The new road scheme consists of three main sections: a western part (315 m), an eastern part (228 m) and a 1687 m tunnel. The tunnel was built using a combination of cut-and-cover and traditional tunnelling techniques.
The Rems river had to be diverted over a length of 800 m to allow the project to be completed. Several separate engineering structures were necessary.
For example, the project required the building of a watertight channel for the diversion of the river. An overbridge had to be built to form the slip road at the eastern end of the project. While all this construction was going on, the works had to be coordinated to keep the traffic on the B29 flowing as smoothly as possible. For this reason, the three main sections had to be divided into smaller sub-sections, which were selected to allow the relief road to be constructed quickly while ensuring that traffic continued to flow with minimal disruption. The contractors erected several temporary overbridges as part of these arrangements.
Safety taken very seriously
The designers placed a lot of emphasis on safety in the Gmünder Einhorn Tunnel. A rescue tunnel capable of being driven through runs parallel to the road tunnel. It is connected to the main carriageway by six evacuation galleries, one of which is capable of accepting vehicles. The ventilation system in the main tube is designed so that, in the event of a fire, the smoke is extracted through ceiling flaps and exhausted into the open air through a flue. Several emergency tanks are provided as a sensible precaution to capture the contaminated extinguishing water arising from a dangerous-goods transport accident. Contact loops were built into the emergency bays for safety in the event of an emergency or a vehicle breakdown. When a vehicle draws up there, the system stops the traffic automatically in the relevant direction to protect the occupants of the stopped and attending vehicles.
Design and construction
The design of this relief road was approved in autumn 1989. The ground-breaking ceremony took place nine years later. The client for this project is the German government, represented by the Stuttgart Regional Authority. The works were constructed by the Arge Tunnel Schwäbisch Gmünd consortium. The consortium consists of the following companies:
- Ed. Züblin AG
- Baresel GmbH
- G. Hinteregger & Söhne Baugesellschaft m.b.H.
- ÖSTU-STETTIN Hoch- und Tiefbau GmbH
Several NOEtec formwork carriages were used to move and support the deck formwork in the construction of the Gmünder Einhorn-Tunnel. The NOEtec system formwork is best compared with a modular model kit consisting of a manageable number of individual elements that can be combined in any number of ways. Assembly is simple and more or less self-explanatory. The formwork panels can be made to measure very quickly to match the precise requirements of the project. The system is therefore an all-rounder and suitable for every construction site. NOEtec provides a high degree of workplace safety and is noted for its high load capacity. NOEtec can be effortlessly configured not only for arch and tunnel formwork but also for wall and climbing formwork. A particularly good example of the flexibility of the NOEtec system is its use as self-propelled formwork carriages on the Gmünder Einhorn Tunnel.
Self-propelled formwork carriages
The Schwäbisch Gmünd relief road has two sections of cut-and-cover tunnel (west approx. 228 m and east approx. 315 m long). A 1 m thick concrete wall divides them into two tubes. This concrete wall and the two outside walls carry the 2.20 m thick tunnel roof slab. 12 m long formwork carriages were used for the erection of the structure. They consisted of elements of the NOEtec system and can be very quickly and efficiently assembled, which is of particular advantage on tunnel construction sites. These NOEtec carriage structures weigh 40 tonnes each and stand on rails. The electrically driven carriages run on these rails to move the formwork to the next section of the tunnel to be concreted.
To permit easy and clean stripping of the formwork after the concrete has hardened, the formwork table is supported on hydraulic shores which lower themselves by up to 50 cm.
One great advantage of formwork carriages built from NOEtec is their ability to be modified. Normally the width of the tunnel tubes is 9.50 m. In a short section of tunnel, however, one of the two tubes is wider. Thanks to the system's modular design, the site team was able to modify the formwork carriages to suit this offset without much difficulty. All they had to do was attach a suitable additional component at the front.
NOEtec formwork carriages were used in the areas of the emergency bays, and in the electrical and ventilation galleries.
NOEtop: superb structures need superb formwork systems
The consortium responsible for the Gmünder Einhorn Tunnel opted for the NOEtop wall formwork system. NOEtop was used for concreting the
- Walls for the open retaining wall sections.
- Walls for the cut-and-cover tunnel sections
- Walls in the ventilation and electrical galleries
The system was of particular interest for use on the structures of the Gmünder Einhorn Tunnel mainly because of its extraordinarily large panel sizes: the largest NOEtop panel has dimensions of 5.30 x 2.65 m and the panel area is 14 m². These large panels save time and labour costs.
A comprehensive information brochure is available and can be requested from NOE-Schaltechnik at firstname.lastname@example.org.