Active head restraints prevent whiplash / Production system with top processing security
DEPRAG has manufactured an assembly system for GRAMMER which produces 360 headrests an hour
If a vehicle is brought to a violent stop by slamming on the brakes or by impact with an obstacle, the following occurs: according to the physical laws of inertia the car occupant's head shoots forward and then in the moment when the car comes to a standstill the head snaps back again. Without a headrest the neck would be stretched backwards beyond its physical limit. The medical consequences range from whiplash or contortion of the nerves, to cranium cerebral injury. Therefore, headrests are compulsory on the front seats of vehicles over 3.5 tons. A headrest helps to prevent strain on the neck particularly during rearend collisions. Innovative, socalled crash-"active headrests" go one step further. They prevent the head from snapping backwards and consequently help to prevent injuries to the neck.
Karl Meier, from the company Kamei, first invented safety headrests which he presented to the world in 1952. Since then the development of the automotive headrest resulted in the "active" version which automatically moves forward to support the head during accidents. In some headrests there are also flat screens built into the headrest as part of the car's multimedia system. Passengers in the rear of the car can then watch television, surf the internet or play computer games.
Crashactive headrests are part of the product spectrum of GRAMMER AG in Amberg. GRAMMER is an international company active worldwide in 17 countries with over 7,200 employees in 24 subsidiaries. GRAMMER specializes in the development and manufacture of components and systems for vehicle interiors as well as driver and passenger seats for offroad vehicles, heavy goods vehicles, buses and trains. In its topselling business sector "Automotive" GRAMMER supplies amongst other components, headrests to wellknown automobile manufacturers and subsuppliers to the automobile industry.
How is a headrest produced? As a part of the passive safety system of a vehicle the components must be manufactured with the highest precision. Processing safety is top priority as all assembly steps must be electronically monitored and documented. GRAMMER AG recently awarded the automation specialist DEPRAG SCHULZ & CO. a contract for the development of a new assembly system for innovative crashactive headrests for front seats. These assembly systems are now producing Active Head rest systems in Poland and Mexico.
The "technical internal systems" of the crashactive headrest are assembled over 14 work stations. The active head rest consists of three major components, which are described as "ZBrelease unit", "Carrier-CAK" and "Slide". There are two manual work stations at the start of the assembly line where operators manually position these core components of the head rest system on to a precision locating pallet along with two guide springs. An operator then releases the pallet with the subcomponents to the automated assembly process: The remaining headrest systems are systematically assembled and tested by the automated stations.
Station 2 is an automatic inspection cell to insure that all necessary subcomponents are present and in the correct position on the pallet.
Station 3 is an inspection and assembly station: The "ZBrelease unit" is tested with sensors: Is the label present? Are the manually positioned "centering devices" correctly configured? If yes, then the ZB release subassembly is automatically positioned onto the Carrier-CAK and snapped into place.
At station 4, using a linear track feed system; two guide tubes per assembly are separated, aligned and placed in position into the Carrier-CAK. Also two grooved pins are shot into place, using a vibratory feeding bowl with blow feed separator, and automatically pressed into the Carrier-CAK, securing the guide tubes.
On to station 5 where a lockpin is separated, via a vibratory bowl feeder and automatically inserted and secured into the "Slide" subassembly.
Now we are at station 6 where the interior of the ZB release/Carrier-CAK subassembly receives the two guide springs, which were manually placed onto the part pallet at the 1st station. They are picked up with automatic grippers, and placed with precision into the Carrier-CAK.
Station 7 confirms the quality of the work from station 6 and also automatically feeds and separates two washers, which are placed with a vacuum gripper over the guide tubes.
The assembly of the active headrests continues at the 8th work station, where two coil springs are simultaneously sorted, controlled and set in place over guide tubes and washers, using an automated dual gripper.
Stations 9 and 10 are presently open positions on the assembly system reserved for possible future expansion or additional processes.
At this stage the Slide, ZB-Release and Carrier-CAK subassemblies are complete! The two pressure springs are positioned and tensioned and the guide tubes are in position. At station 11, the Slide is automatically located and locked on to the ZB-Release/Carrier-CAK subassembly. This slide unit causes the intelligent headrest to move forward towards the head of the driver at lightning speed during an accident so that they are effectively protected. The processing of the Carrier-CAK is the most important function of the crashactive headrest. But does it function correctly?
A simulated emergency test is performed: At station twelve the ZB release unit is activated and the assembled CAK-Slide module is triggered so that the function of the finished headrest can be checked. The statistics received from this test, including date, time and the operator's employee number, are all transferred and saved to the connected computer system where they can be processed in Excel and printed out. At Station 13, the completed CAKmodule receives a label with the test results generated at the previous test station.
At the 14th and final station: The completed assemblies which have passed the functionality test at station 13 are removed from the part pallet and packaged by the operator. Faulty assemblies (NOT OK) are sorted and redirected to a rework station by the conveyor system, There a display panel indicates the specific assembly or test failure so that the assembly can be reworked.
The headrest assembly system developed by DEPRAG SCHULZ GMBH & CO. in Amberg (Germany) is 8.34 meters long, 2.55 meters wide and 2.40 meters high (without special purpose feeding equipment). The complete machine with all systems weighs 9,500 kilograms. The cycle time is less than 10 seconds enabling a production rate of more than 360 headrests per hour.
Custom made, application specific automation is one of the main areas of expertise at DEPRAG. Their engineers have over 75 years of experience in providing solutions for almost every sector of industry. In cooperation with their clients they develop top quality and costeffective systems.
Short profile of GRAMMER:
GRAMMER AG, Amberg, specializes in the development and manufacture of components and systems for vehicle interiors as well as driver and passenger seats for offroad vehicles, truck, buses and trains. In its topselling "Automotive" product line, GRAMMER supplies headrests, armrests, center consoles, as well as integrated child safety seats to wellknown automotive manufacturers and system integrators in the automotive industry. Their secondary line "Seating Systems" covers driver and passenger seats. GRAMMER is the original equipment manufacturer for driver seats and they also provide refitting services. They cater to some of the most recognized manufacturers of trucks and offroad vehicles. In their passenger seat product line, GRAMMER produces topquality seats to supply train operators and train suppliers. GRAMMER is represented worldwide in 17 countries with over 7,200 employees in 24 subsidiaries. GRAMMER shares are traded in S-DAX and are also handled on the electronic platform Xetra in the stock markets in Munich and Frankfurt as well as in the open markets in Stuttgart, Berlin and Hamburg.
Further information can be found at their website www.grammer.com.
DEPRAG SCHULZ GMBH u. CO.
DEPRAG SCHULZ GMBH & CO. is based in Amberg, Germany and is an international supplier of screwdriving technology, automation, air motors and air tools. The company has 600 employees and is represented in over 40 countries. Since 1931 they have provided full service for almost every sector of industry.
Their comprehensive range of products optimally covers a whole spectrum of modern, challenging, industrial screwdriving applications. Whether simply screwdriving, measuring, documenting or analyzing up to the fully automatic feeding of screws, nuts and assembly components; DEPRAG offers complete solutions which are tailored to meet their customers' specific requirements.
DEPRAG's main area of expertise is its ability to provide custommade and individualized solutions to fit its clients automation requirements. Innovative screwdriving and feeding technology are also part of the portfolio of the automation specialists. All essential elements of a system come from their production halls. This presents the customer with decisive advantages in the planning and realization of their design: The customer can get the system's central components from one source and therefore avoid complicated integration between systems and components from various manufacturers.
The extensive range of air motors offers safe and robust drive systems. Air motors are best suited for applications where an overloadsafe and highperformance drive element is required; especially where traditional drive technology stalls.
DEPRAG air tools are characterized by their long lifespan, high power to size ratio and user friendliness. They guarantee ease of application, even when used for difficult, ergonomically challenged tasks.
Further information can be found on their website www.deprag.com.
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