Cobalt 233 ZET – Zero Emission Technology for Runabouts on Lake Constance
With this in mind, Brunnert-Grimm AG built and tested a runabout in the year 2000 with an electric motor drive. The motor had a capacity of 50kW and the energy was supplied entirely from onboard batteries. Extensive tests demonstrated the feasibility of such a runabout. However they also highlighted requirements for further technical development. The main desire was for an increase in range and a reduction in weight – two significant limitations of the battery system.
The problem of storing electrical energy is not limited to marine applications and following the develpoment in the automotive industry, a decision was made to implement the use of fuel cell technology. Fuel cells are electrochemical devices that convert hydrogen gas into electricity and heat with high efficiency. With water being the only exhaust, this technology is ideally suited to use in boats.
Using a commercially available runabout as a base, Brunnert-Grimm AG, (Gottlieben, Switzerland) and zebotec GmbH (Konstanz, Germany) have created a hybrid drive consisting of electric motors, fuel cells, hydrogen tanks and a battery purely for peak power requirements. System optimisation ensures that the different features of each technology are exploited to a maximum. The boat reaches a top speed of 40 km/h and is operated like any "normal" runabout.
Three hydrogen tanks that can be filled to a pressure of 350 bar, provide sufficient fuel to travel over the entire lake – quietly, smoothly and without any emissions.
The Cobalt 233 runaboat used for this project is manufactured by COBAL BOATS. As 6 time winner of the J.D. Power Award, Cobalt is recognised as a leader in the production of high quality and high performance boats.
The fuel cell boat Cobalt 233ZET, on display for the first time at the INTERBOOT 2007 in Friedrichshafen, is built according to the guidlines of Germanischen Lloyd (GL) and will shortly receive the "GL Certification for Fuel Cell Boats". First deliveries are planned for the European season 2008. Prices for a Cobalt runabout with hybrid drive will be available in November 2007
Information regarding the companies involved:
Brunnert-Grimm AG (www.brunnert-grimm.ch)
The family operated company Brunnert-Grimm AG has over 100 years of experience in the field of boat construction, customization and sales. The modern Brunnert-Grimm facility with moorage, fueling and storage infrastructure is located directly on the Rhine river linking the two major water masses of Lake Constance. With well established personal contacts to leading US and European boat manufacturers, and representation at all major european boat shows, Brunnert-Grimm offers optimum service to its partners and customers.
Brunnert-Grimm's expertise in the integration of new technology into existing boat platforms was critical to the success of the Cobalt 233 ZET.
Zebotec GmbH is a young and innovative company specialised in the development of early and niche markets for fuel cell applications. Fuel cells for backup power and fuel cells for maritime use are just two particularly promising fields where zebotec is already active and well recognised.
The Cobalt 233 ZET is the latest boat project presented by zebotec GmbH with earlier projects including the "SOLGENIA" laboratory boat operated by the Konstanz University for Applied Science.