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RWE posts first net loss in 60 years
- Difficult earnings situation in electricity generation
- Efficiency-enhancement programme progressing faster than expected
- 2013 results in line with forecast
- Outlook for 2014 confirmed
The difficult earnings situation in conventional electricity generation in Europe is clearly reflected in RWE AG's financial results for fiscal 2013. For the first time since the Federal Republic of Germany was established, in other words, in more than 60 years, the Essen-based energy provider has posted a net loss amounting to -€2.8 billion. This is attributable to impairment losses of some €4.8 billion, which RWE had to recognise for the full year, mainly in respect of its power plant fleet.
One-off effects such as these impairment losses are not taken into account when calculating recurrent net income, which fell by 6% to €2.3 billion. As expected, EBITDA was down 6%, to €8.8 billion, and the operating result was down 8%, to €5.9 billion. External revenue increased slightly, to €54.1 billion.
Two counteracting effects mitigated these burdens in fiscal 2013. On the one hand, the positive outcome of the arbitration proceedings with Gazprom, which resulted in high compensation payments, and on the other hand the company's efficiency and savings targets, which were achieved earlier than expected. The objective of achieving a lasting effect of €1 billion on the operating result by the end of 2014 by reducing costs and increasing revenues was already achieved in 2013. RWE also assumes that it will achieve its overall objective of at least €1.5 billion in 2016, which is a year earlier than planned.
In view of the difficult financial conditions, the Executive Board and Supervisory Board announced in September 2013 that they would propose a dividend of €1 per share to the Annual General Meeting in April 2014. This represents around 27% of recurrent net income, which is the basis for calculating the dividend. For the financial years from 2014 onwards dividend proposals will be in line with a dividend payout ratio of 40 to 50% of recurrent net income.
Generation and supply of electricity and gas
The RWE Group's electricity generation fell by 5% to 216.7 billion kilowatt hours (kWh) in 2013. This was mainly the result of the reduction in conventional generation capacity. However, RWE produced more electricity from renewables than in 2012. Electricity sales declined by 2% to 270.9 billion kWh.
Weather conditions caused a 9% increase in gas sales, to 335.0 billion kWh. Customer acquisitions were recorded Group-wide among industrial and commercial enterprises as well as distributors.
Conventional Power Generation Division
After establishing RWE Generation on 1 January 2013, the Group is publishing the first full-year figures on the Conventional Power Generation Division. The operating result fell by 58% to €1.4 billion. In addition to the decline in prices for forward electricity trading in continental Europe, this mainly reflects the end of the free allocation of CO2 emission allowances, which still provided relief of around €1.2 billion during the previous year. The division did, however, also benefit from efficiency-improvement measures.
Supply/Distribution Networks Germany Division
The operating result for the division, which includes the Group's German supply and distribution networks businesses, was in the same order of magnitude as the previous year, at €1.6 billion. Factors such as the weather-induced increase in gas sales had a positive effect on earnings. A counteracting effect was felt from the fact that the Koblenz regional utility Kevag and Berlinwasser waterworks no longer belong to the Group.
Supply Netherlands/Belgium Division
One-off balance-sheet effects were largely responsible for a 46% increase in the division's operating result, to €278 million. The increase in gas sales also helped to bolster the division's results.
Supply UK Division
Increased expenditure for state-ordered measures to improve energy efficiency among residential customers and increased network usage fees had a constraining effect on the result. Tariff increases combined with positive effects of the efficiencyenhancement programme in particular had an offsetting effect, bringing the operating result in the UK to €290 million (up 6% net of currency effects), which was just above the value for the previous year.
Central Eastern and South Eastern Europe Division
The main reason for the decline in the operating result to €1 billion was the sale of NET4GAS in August. Excluding this effect and adjusted for currency fluctuations, the result was up 15%. A positive effect resulted from derivative transactions to limit currency risks. Improved distribution network and supply margins in the Group's Czech gas and Polish electricity business, however, contrasted with the state-ordered reduction in network fees and residential tariffs in Hungary.
The operating result for RWE Innogy was up 7% to €196 million. The main drivers were the expansion in generation capacity (e.g. the Greater Gabbard offshore wind farm) and higher capacity utilisation of German hydro-electric power stations.
Upstream Gas & Oil Division The operating result for RWE Dea fell by 24% to €521 million, mainly due to the lower oil price and a weaker dollar. Furthermore, exploration costs were higher than expected during 2013.
Trading/Gas Midstream Division
As expected, RWE Supply & Trading increased its operating result substantially, by €1.4 billion, to €831 million. The arbitral ruling on the gas procurement agreement with Gazprom at the end of June was a major contributing factor here. However, the division was not able to match the performance posted in energy trading in the previous year.
Cash flows from operating activities amounted to €5.8 billion, a 31% increase year on year. Cash flows from operating activities, less capital expenditure on property, plant and equipment and intangible assets, result in free cash flow. At €1.3 billion, it was substantially higher than in the previous year (minus €686 million).
Capital expenditure was down 17% to €4.6 billion. The bulk of capital expenditure on property, plant and equipment of a total of €4.5 billion was earmarked for the expansion of conventional and renewable generation capacities and the maintenance and modernisation of network infrastructure.
As at 31 December 2013, RWE employed 66,341 staff (expressed as full-time equivalent positions), down just under 3,900 or 6% on the closing figure for 2012. This decline is the result of operational job cuts and the sale of stakes in companies. The Group continues to provide vocational training well in excess of its own staffing needs. Some 2,715 young people were receiving vocational training at RWE at the end of 2013.
As announced in November 2013, RWE expects to experience a further substantial decrease in earnings in 2014. The Group currently expects an EBITDA of between €7.6 and €8.1 billion for this year, an operating result of €4.5 to €4.9 billion and recurrent net income of €1.3 to €1.5 billion.
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