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  • Klaus Schreiber
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interpack 2017: Bosch launches its new system for producing WFI using membrane processes

Efficient alternative to distillation

(PresseBox) (Stuttgart / Düsseldorf, ) - The unit fulfills the requirements for cold WFI production for the European market
- Chemical sanitization as an optional extra
- In-process checks for microbes and carbon content

At interpack 2017, Bosch will present its new system for the production of water for injection (WFI). As the name implies, first and foremost WFI is used in solutions for injection and infusion, making it a key component in pharmaceutical manufacturing. To date, it was only possible to produce WFI for the European market using distillation. However, as of April 1, 2017, the revised European Medicine Agency (EMA) Pharmacopeia allows, for the first time, WFI to be obtained using other comparable processes. "Our generation unit is specially designed to meet the EMA requirements," explains Dr. John Medina, Sales Manager at the Bosch subsidiary Pharmatec, which developed the unit.

WFI production using membrane processes

The generation unit employs the "cold" membrane processing methods reverse osmosis and electrodeionization, together with an additional ultrafiltration step. Reverse osmosis is a physical filtration process that removes ions from the water, and the subsequent electrodeionization further reduces the remaining salt content through a combination of ion exchange and electrodialysis. The unit’s ultrafiltration module then separates out particles such as microbes and pyrogens on the basis of their weight and molecular size. Until now, in the European Union this method was only approved for the production of highly purified water (HPW), while in the USA and Japan it has already been approved for obtaining WFI. In the future, the process will also be permitted by European authorities – albeit with additional, specific requirements.

Offering both thermal and chemical sanitization

Essentially, the unit must produce water under conditions that prevent the growth of microorganisms and other impurities. For reverse osmosis systems, the EMA stipulates regular sanitization of the unit using hot water – primarily to prevent the formation of biofilms. Biofilms are caused by microbes, such as bacteria, and are difficult to remove from industrial systems. For additional protection, chemical sanitization must also be an option.

According to Medina, "The unit on display at interpack allows routine thermal sanitization. When it comes to hot water sanitization, temperatures of 85 degrees Celsius can be reached." In addition, the EMA recommends chemical sanitization using ozone, to minimize the risk of microbial contamination. The unit offers this option as well. To prevent contamination as a result of insufficient barrier properties, the membranes’ integrity is checked on a regular basis.

Bosch has now reworked the WFI unit, including a more hygienic design and built-in measuring technology to monitor the system. The stainless steel used in the storage and distribution systems does not affect the water quality. Further, the system allows all the components to be thermally sanitized at any time.

Process monitoring is essential for water quality

"Monitoring all the processes in the production chain is essential to guaranteeing the microbial quality of the water," says Medina, "which is why we fitted the unit with various sensors and measuring devices to monitor the water quality throughout the process and to check the individual steps." Total organic carbon (TOC) is a key indicator of the water’s quality, and since it is also a parameter for the risk of microbial contamination in the overall system, it has to be continually monitored. Conductivity is another important parameter, and here the EMA stipulates inline process control. The unit is equipped with an online measuring system to monitor specific conductivity. In order to routinely test the water in real time, Bosch has also installed an online microbe counter, which continuously records and quantifies the level of microbes and inert particles using light-induced fluorescence measurements and algorithms. All parameters are centrally monitored and controlled by means of an intuitive interface.

Bosch at interpack: hall 6, booth A30-C58

Based in Waiblingen near Stuttgart, Germany, and employing 6,200 associates, the Bosch Packaging Technology division is one of the leading suppliers of process and packaging technology. At over 30 locations in more than 15 countries worldwide, a highly qualified workforce develops and produces complete solutions for the pharmaceuticals, food, and confectionery industries. These solutions are complemented by a comprehensive after-sales service portfolio. A global service and sales network provides customers with local points of contact. Additional information is available online at


Robert Bosch GmbH

The Bosch Group is a leading global supplier of technology and services. It employs roughly 390,000 associates worldwide (as of December 31, 2016). According to preliminary figures, the company generated sales of 73.1 billion euros in 2016. Its operations are divided into four business sectors: Mobility Solutions, Industrial Technology, Consumer Goods, and Energy and Building Technology. As a leading IoT company, Bosch offers innovative solutions for smart homes, smart cities, connected mobility, and connected industry. It uses its expertise in sensor technology, software, and services, as well as its own IoT cloud, to offer its customers connected, cross-domain solutions from a single source. The Bosch Group's strategic objective is to create solutions for a connected life, and to improve quality of life worldwide with products and services that are innovative and spark enthusiasm. In short, Bosch creates technology that is "Invented for life." The Bosch Group comprises Robert Bosch GmbH and its roughly 450 subsidiaries and regional companies in some 60 countries. Including sales and service partners, Bosch's global manufacturing, engineering, and sales network covers nearly every country in the world. The basis for the company's future growth is its innovative strength. At 120 locations across the globe, Bosch employs 59,000 associates in research and development.

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