The Company reported 2009 first quarter revenues of $72.1 million, down 8 percent from $78.2 million in the same quarter of 2008. Excluding the effects of currency exchange rates, total revenues were down 1 percent from the 2008 first quarter. License revenues were $33.8 million, a 12 percent decline from $38.4 million in the 2008 first quarter, or an 8 percent decline excluding the effects of currency exchange rates. Maintenance revenues for the 2009 first quarter were $32.5 million, up 1 percent from $32.1 million in the 2008 first quarter, or up 11 percent excluding the effects of currency exchange rates.
Net income was $9.4 million, up 4 percent, from $9.0 million in the same period in 2008 with the $3.3 million higher operating income for the quarter offset by lower nonoperating items, primarily less interest income due to lower available interest investment rates and net currency losses. As a result of the required January 1, 2009, adoption of FASB Staff Position on No. APB 14-1, Accounting for Convertible Debt Instruments That May Be Settled in Cash upon Conversion (FSP No. APB 14-1), the Company recognized in the 2009 first quarter $1.4 million non-cash interest expense and adjusted the 2008 first quarter results, increasing interest expense by $1.3 million, to reflect the retrospective application of FSP No. APB 14-1. The effective income tax rate for the 2009 and 2008 quarters was 36 percent and 39 percent, respectively.
Diluted earnings per share (EPS) for the 2009 first quarter was $0.48, up 2 percent, from EPS of $0.47 for the 2008 first quarter. EPS includes non-cash expense for FSP 14-1 of $0.04 in both the 2009 and 2008 first quarters, respectively. Expenses for sharebased compensation were $0.06 and $0.07 per share in the 2009 first quarter and the 2008 first quarter, respectively.
"As expected, the global economic environment presented a challenging first quarter. While there remains resistance in closing larger transactions, our customers continue to support our products at the low end, reflecting our competitive price point advantage. In addition, maintenance revenue continued to provide stability to our total quarterly revenues," said Jack Noonan, SPSS chairman, president and CEO. "Though all product categories were down year-over-year, our market-leading statistics software showed the best economic resistance. Geographically, we had strength in the Pacific Rim, where new license revenue was up, offsetting softness in most of Europe and the U.S." Noonan continued, "While we expect the global economic environment will present a difficult year ahead, we believe these results demonstrate both the continued demand for our Predictive Analytic products and our proven ability to execute."
At March 31, 2009, cash and cash equivalents totaled $311.5 million, compared with $294.6 million at March 31, 2008, and $305.9 million at December 31, 2008. Cash flow from operating activities in the 2009 first quarter was $15.8 million compared to $14.1 million for the same quarter in 2008. During the quarter, the Company spent $3.1 million for the repurchase of $3.5 million face value of its convertible bonds. The effect of currency exchange rates on cash negatively impacted the March 31, 2009, balance by $4.6 million from the 2008 year-end balance.
Outlook and Guidance
"Our 2009 first quarter results reflect the continuing benefits of early alignment of expenses for more efficient revenue production, as well as the disciplined operational and financial management investors have come to expect from SPSS. Reported operating expenses for the 2009 first quarter were down 15 percent compared with the same period in 2008," said Raymond Panza, SPSS executive vice president and chief financial officer. "Given the uncertainties in the economic environment, we continue to be cautious about 2009. However, we are beginning to realize the benefits from recent investments in new marketing initiatives."
Panza continued, "During 2009, we expect foreign currency exchange rates to have a continuing negative effect on reported results. For the 2009 second quarter, we expect revenues of between $68.0 million and $74.0 million with EPS in the range of $0.35 to $0.48." This EPS guidance includes $0.09 expense for share-based compensation and a $0.04 estimated non-cash interest expense due to the required 2009 adoption of FSP 14-1. Comparatively, second quarter 2008 EPS included $0.08 for share-based compensation and a $0.04 adjustment for the retrospective application of FSP 14-1. For the 2009 fiscal year, the Company expects charges of $0.29 per share for sharebased compensation and $0.17 per share for FSP 14-1. The effective income tax rate for the 2009 second quarter and full year is estimated to be 35 percent.
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Conference Call &endash; 4 p.m. CT/5 p.m. ET
The Company will host a conference call at 4 p.m. CT/5 p.m. ET on May 5, 2009, to discuss its financial results. The live call will be broadcast online at www.spss.com/invest. Those interested in participating in the live call should dial (866) 202-4683 in the United States and (617) 213-8846 internationally. The live call passcode is 95009220. A replay will be available via phone for one week after the call. To access it, participants should dial (888) 286-8010 in the United States or (617) 801- 6888 internationally. Access code 33011521 is required for the replay. An archived version of the call will also be made available online at www.spss.com/invest
Safe Harbor Statement
In addition to historical information, this press release contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933 and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, including without limitation, statements regarding the Company's expectations, beliefs, intentions or future strategies that are signified by the words "expects," "anticipates," "intends," "believes," "estimates" or similar language. All forward-looking statements included in this document are based on information available to the Company on the date hereof. The Company cautions investors that its business and financial performance and the matters described in these forward-looking statements are subject to substantial risks and uncertainties. Because of these risks and uncertainties, some of which may not be currently ascertainable and many of which are beyond the Company's control, actual results could differ materially from those expressed in or implied by the forward-looking statements. The potential risks and uncertainties that could cause results to differ materially include, but are not limited to: the Company's ability to predict revenue, the Company's ability to respond to rapid technological changes, a potential loss of relationships with third parties from whom the Company licenses certain software, fluctuations in currency exchange rates, the impact of new accounting pronouncements, increased competition and risks associated with product performance and market acceptance of new products. A detailed discussion of other risk factors that affect the Company's business is contained in the Company's Annual Reports on Form 10-K, particularly under the heading "Risk Factors." The Company does not intend to update these forward-looking statements to reflect actual future events.