Fresenius Kabi to strengthen and diversify product portfolio by acquiring Akorn and Merck KGaA's biosimilars business

(PresseBox) ( Bad Homburg, )
- Transactions provide access to attractive pharmaceutical growth markets
- Acquisition of Akorn, Inc. expected to be accretive to Group earnings1 in 2018 
- Acquisition of Merck KGaA’s biosimilars business creates excellent position in a fast-growing market
- Both transactions fully debt and cash flow financed
- 2020 Group earnings target2 confirmed

Stephan Sturm, CEO of Fresenius, said: "From a position of strength, Fresenius Kabi enhances and complements its business with two major steps. Akorn is an excellent strategic fit for Fresenius Kabi. The company’s product portfolio is highly complementary to our well-developed generics business. The simultaneous entry into the biosimilars business is the right step into the right direction at the right time. The acquired biosimilars assets are an attractive opportunity for Fresenius Kabi to enter this strongly growing and highly profitable segment. Both acquisitions are milestones on Fresenius Kabi’s growth path for this decade and beyond."

Acquisition of Akorn to strengthen and diversify core business and product portfolio

- Purchase price of US$34 per share equivalent to US$4.3 billion, plus approximately US$450 million1 of Akorn net debt 
- Akorn’s board recommends approval of transaction and merger agreement
- Substantial cost and growth synergies paired with limited integration complexity

Fresenius Kabi has agreed to acquire Akorn, Inc., a U.S.-based manufacturer and marketer of prescription and over-the-counter pharmaceutical products, for US$34 per share equivalent to US$4.3 billion, plus approximately US$450 million1 of net debt.

Akorn produces and markets a diverse product portfolio of injectables, topical creams, ointments and gels, sterile ophthalmics, as well as oral liquids, otic solutions (for the ear), nasal sprays and respiratory drugs. Akorn products are sold in retail pharmacies (prescription and over-the-counter) and directly to physicians, in addition to hospitals and clinics – almost exclusively in the U.S.

Akorn participates in a total U.S. market of approximately US$106 billion. Akorn’s current product pipeline of pending ANDAs (Abbreviated New Drug Approvals) has a total addressable IMS market value of US$9.3 billion. The company employs more than 2,000 people and has three R&D centers and five manufacturing facilities in the United States, Switzerland and India. The U.S. headquarters for Akorn and Fresenius Kabi are both in Northern Illinois, located in close proximity.

Akorn announced today that based on a preliminary review of Q1/17 results, it is reaffirming its previously announced 2017 guidance (including revenue of US$1,010 to 1,060 million and adjusted EBITDA2 excluding any one-time costs related to the transaction with Fresenius Kabi. The total purchase price corresponds to approximately 12.4x adjusted EBITDA2 3 of US$363 to 401 million), at the mid-point of the expected 2017 range. Assuming the transaction closes at the end of 2017, Fresenius Kabi projects 2018 sales from this business of US$1,035 to 1,085 million, and EBITDAof approximately US$380 to 420 million.

"Bringing together our two companies and product portfolios will strengthen and diversify our business in the U.S.," said Mats Henriksson, CEO of Fresenius Kabi.

“Akorn brings to Fresenius Kabi specialized expertise in development, manufacturing and marketing of dosage forms currently not available in our portfolio, as well as access to new customer segments and products. Akorn’s pipeline is impressive, with approximately 85 ANDAs filed and pending with the FDA and dozens more in development.”

Mid-term, the acquisition is expected to create cost and growth synergies of approximately US$100 million p.a. before tax. Fresenius Kabi expects a progressive ramp-up of those synergies which will be achieved by integrating and modernizing Akorn’s production network and by combining other functions. For the period from 2018 to 2022, Fresenius Kabi expects integration costs of approximately US$140 million before tax in total. The integration costs are projected to be frontloaded with the major impact in 2018.

Fresenius expects the acquisition to be accretive to Group net income1 and Group EPS1 in 2018, excluding integration costs, and to contribute positively from 2019 onwards including integration costs.

Akorn’s board recommends the approval of the transaction and merger agreement with Fresenius Kabi to its shareholders. Akorn’s largest shareholder, who beneficially controls approximately 25% of its shares, has committed to supporting the transaction. The transaction is subject to customary closing conditions, including regulatory review under the Hart-Scott-Rodino Antitrust Improvements Act in the U.S. and approval by Akorn shareholders. Closing is expected by early 2018.

The purchase price will be financed by a broad mix of Euro and US-Dollar denominated debt instruments.

Entry into growing biosimilars market

- Strategic addition to Fresenius Kabi’s existing drug portfolio
- Attractive product pipeline with a focus on oncology and autoimmune diseases with current branded sales of around US$30bn
-  Investment ceiling of up to €1.4 billion until 2022, strictly tied to achievements of development targets

Fresenius and Merck KGaA announced today that Fresenius Kabi will acquire Merck’s biosimilars business, which comprises the entire development pipeline and an experienced team of more than 70 employees located in Aubonne and Vevey, Switzerland. The product pipeline has a focus on oncology and autoimmune diseases with current branded sales of around US$30bn.

A biosimilar is a drug that is "similar" to another biologic drug already approved. Biologics are innovative medicines characterized by a targeted mode of action and reduced side effects for patients. Their biosimilar versions make these state-of-the-art therapies affordable and accessible for an increasing number of patients.

Fresenius Kabi expects first sales towards the end of 2019 and estimates to ramp-up the business to high triple-digit million sales from 2023 onwards based on the current product development schedule. Fresenius Kabi has agreed to pay single digit percentage royalties to Merck based on sales.

Mats Henriksson, CEO of Fresenius Kabi, said: "Biosimilars are a fast-growing segment within the pharmaceutical market. Some of the largest biological branded products will go off patent over the next years. With this acquisition, Fresenius Kabi enhances its position as a leading player in the injectables pharmaceutical market and further diversifies its product portfolio. The acquisition creates a platform for further growth."

The purchase price will be up to €670 million. Thereof, €170 million will be paid in cash upon closing. Approximately €500 million are milestone payments strictly tied to achievements of development targets. Analytical testing, clinical studies, quality requirements specific to biosimilars as well as marketing and sales activities are expected to result in increased costs for Fresenius Kabi. These costs are expected to occur in uneven tranches. The total expected cash-out and self-imposed investment ceiling is estimated to be up to €1.4 billion until projected EBITDA break-even in 2022. From 2023 onwards, the acquisition is expected to be significantly accretive to Group net income1 and Group EPS1.

The transaction is subject to regulatory approvals and other customary closing conditions and is expected to close in H2/2017.

The total investment in the biosimilars business will be mainly cash flow financed.

Implications of transactions on Group Financials Fresenius confirms its 2020 earnings1 target range of €2.4 to 2.7 billion.

Both transactions combined are expected to be neutral to Group net income2 1 and EPS1 by 2020 and accretive from 2021 onwards. Before amortization, both transactions combined are projected to be neutral to Group net incomeand EPS2 by 2018 and to contribute positively from 2019 onwards.

Group net debt/EBITDA will temporarily increase to approximately 3.3 after closing of both transactions. The leverage ratio is expected to return to approximately 3.0 at the end of 2018.

Telephone Conference

A conference call for analysts and investors will be held concerning the acquisition of Akorn and Merck KGaA’s biosimilars business will be held at 2.00 p.m. CEST on 25 April 2017. You are cordially invited to follow the conference call in a live broadcast via the Internet at Following the call, a replay will be available on our website.

For additional information on the performance indicators used please refer to our website

For information regarding non-GAAP financial measures or adjusted figures derived from Akorn’s public information, please see section "Non-GAAP Financial Measures" on Akorn’s FY/16 press release using following link:

1 Net income attributable to shareholders of Fresenius SE & Co. KGaA, before integration costs
2 Net income attributable to shareholders of Fresenius SE & Co. KGaA

1 Based on projected net debt of US$450 million as of December 31, 2017
2 For a definition of Akorn’s adjusted EBITDA please refer to Akorn’s FY/16 press release as of 1 March 2017
3 Before integration costs

1 Net income attributable to shareholders of Fresenius SE & Co. KGaA


This release does not constitute or form part of, and should not be construed as, any offer or invitation to subscribe for, underwrite or otherwise acquire, any securities of Fresenius SE & Co. KGaA ("Fresenius") or any present or future member of its group nor should it or any part of it form the basis of, or be relied on in connection with, any contract to purchase or subscribe for any securities in Fresenius or any member of its group or any commitment whatsoever.

In particular, this release is not an offer of securities in the United States of America (including its territories and possessions), and securities of Fresenius may not be offered or sold in the United States of America absent registration under the Securities Act of 1933 (which Fresenius does not intend to effect) or pursuant to an exemption from registration.

The information contained in this release is for background purposes only and is subject to amendment, revision and updating. Certain statements contained in this release may be statements of future expectations and other forward-looking statements that are based on management's current views and assumptions and involve known and unknown risks and uncertainties. In addition to statements which are forward-looking by reason of context, including without limitation, statements referring to risk limitations, operational profitability, financial strength, performance targets, profitable growth opportunities, and risk adequate pricing, as well as the words "may, will, should, expects, plans, intends, anticipates, believes, estimates, predicts, or continue", "potential, future, or further", and similar expressions identify forward-looking statements. Actual results, performance or events may differ materially from those in such statements as a result of, among other factors, changing business or other market conditions and the prospects for growth anticipated by the management of Fresenius. These and other factors could adversely affect the outcome and financial effects of the plans and events described herein. Forward-looking statements contained in this release regarding past trends or activities should not be taken as a representation that such trends or activities will continue in the future. Fresenius does not undertake any obligation to update or revise any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise. You should not place undue reliance on forward-looking statements, which speak only as of the date of this release.
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